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Title: Regeneration and Optimisation of Cultural heritage in creative and Knowledge cities
Acronym: ROCK
Funding: Horizon 2020 | H2020-SC5-2016-2017
Lead Applicant: Comune di Bologna Duration: 36 months

ROCK focuses on historic city centres as extraordinary laboratories to demonstrate how Cultural Heritage [CH] can be a unique and powerful engine of regeneration, sustainable development and economic growth for the whole city.

ROCK aims to develop an innovative, collaborative and systemic approach to effective regeneration and adaptive reuse strategies in historic city centres. By implementing a repertoire of successful heritage-led regeneration initiatives, it will test the replicability of a spatial approach and of successful models addressing the specific needs of historic city centres. ROCK will deliver new ways to access and experience Cultural Heritage [CH] ensuring environmental sound solutions, city branding, bottom-up participation via living labs, while increasing accessibility and safety in the involved areas.


The added value is the combination of sustainable models, integrated site management plans and associated funding mechanisms encouraging PPP, based on successful financial schemes and promoting the creation of industry-driven stakeholders’ ecosystems in 7 Role Model cities (Lyon, Turin, Liverpool, Vilnius, Cluj, Athens, Eindhoven) and 3 Replicator cities (Lisbon, Skopje, Bologna).

OVERALL CONCEPT ROCK is based on the development of a shared multi-cultural, multi-heritage and multi-stakeholders’ city vision, which integrates heritage-led regeneration, sustainable economic development, city promotion, and knowledge sharing.

All the involved cities are characterized by their high Cultural Heritage (CH) value: the Role Model cities have already experienced a transformation from Heritage cities to Creative and Knowledge–based cities, while the Replicators are currently initiating the process, developing transformation programmes, finance and engaging key-players. ROCK conceptualizes an innovative circular urban system model – the ROCK Circle – to implemented such process.

VISION: ROCK aims to support the transformation of historic city centres afflicted by physical decay, social conflicts and poor life quality into Creative and Sustainable Districts through shared generation of new sustainable environmental, social, economic processes.


For more information, please visit the following website:

ROCK Vision